How the Easter Islanders Put Hats on Moai Statues

A map of Easter Island, including the locations of pukao (green spots) and the two quarries...
A map of Easter Island, including the locations of pukao (green spots) and the two quarries – Puna Pau, where the red scoria for the hats came from, and Rano Raraku, where the volcanic tuff for the statues was sourced(Credit:  Lipo / Hunt / Hixon / et al.)

A diagram of how the Rapa Nui people might have used the parbuckling technique to raise...
A diagram of how the Rapa Nui people might have used the parbuckling technique to raise the huge stone hats onto the heads of the statues(Credit:Sean Hixon/Penn State)

Study authors Carl Lipo (left) and Terry Hunt (right) examining a pukao on the ground
Study authors Carl Lipo (left) and Terry Hunt (right) examining a pukao on the ground(Credit: Sean Hixon/Penn State)

One of the moai statues, capped off with a pukao hat
One of the moai statues, capped off with a pukao hat(Credit: Sean Hixon/Penn State)

A row of moai statues on Easter Island, with the second from the right wearing a...
A row of Moai statues on Easter Island, with the second from the right  wearing a pukao (red stone hat)(Credit: Sean Hixon/Penn State)

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