NASA Spacecraft Records ‘Earthsong’ Received From the Center of the Earth

NASA has received radio signals from the center of the earth. These signals are being picked up by tracking satellites.  NASA has decoded them but won’t reveal the contents. The source of this information leak states that, “They obviously know more about us than we do about them. For one thing, they have found a way to communicate with us on a regular basis, but we have little or no inkling on how to communicate with them in return.”

nasa-earth-signal

In space, they say, no one can hear you scream. So how did two NASA probes record Earth singing? Suspended in the dark cosmos, Earth sings to itself in a high-pitched chorus of chirps and beeps. This song is a product of very low frequency radio waves generated by lightning strikes or excited electrons zipping through the Van Allen Belts, two vast swaths of radiation surrounding Earth. While ham radio operators have long detected this eerie planetary sound using inexpensive receivers, the recent recording by specially designed antennas on NASA’s twin Van Allen Probes is one of the clearest examples ever captured. But could Earth’s chorus be a siren song? The probes are now on a quest to find out whether these radio waves might be powering up otherwise harmless electrons in the Van Allen Belts, turning them into “killer electrons” capable of damaging satellites and astronauts.

Nobody ever said anything about singing, though. A NASA spacecraft has just beamed back a beautiful song sung by our own planet.

“It’s called chorus,” explains Craig Kletzing of the University of Iowa.  “This is one of the clearest examples we’ve ever heard.” [Play the audio]

Earthsong (splash)
A new ScienceCast video explores the eerie-sounding radio emissions that come from our own planet. Play it

Chorus is an electromagnetic phenomenon caused by plasma waves in Earth’s radiation belts. For years, ham radio operators on Earth have been listening to them from afar.  Now, NASA’s twin Radiation Belt Storm Probes are traveling through the region of space where chorus actually comes from–and the recordings are out of this world.

“This is what the radiation belts would sound like to a human being if we had radio antennas for ears,” says Kletzing, whose team at the University of Iowa built the “EMFISIS” (Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science) receiver used to pick up the signals.

He’s careful to point out that these are not acoustic waves of the kind that travel through the air of our planet.  Chorus is made of radio waves that oscillate at acoustic frequencies, between 0 and 10 kHz.  The magnetic search coil antennas of the Radiation Belt Storm Probes are designed to detect these kinds of waves.

“Chorus emissions are front and center for the Storm Probe mission,” says Kletzing. “They are thought to be one of the most important waves for energizing the electrons that make up the outer radiation belt.”

In particular, chorus might be responsible for so-called “killer electrons,” high-energy particles that can endanger both satellites and astronauts.  Many electrons in the radiation belts are harmless, with too little energy to do damage to human or electronic systems.  But, sometimes, these electrons can catch a chorus wave, like a surfer riding a wave on Earth, and gain enough energy to become dangerous—or so researchers think.

Earthsong (probes, 200px)
The Radiation Belt Storm Probes are on a two-year mission to explore the Van Allen Belts. [more]

The Radiation Belt Storm Probes are on a mission to find out for sure.

“The production of killer electrons is a matter of much debate, and chorus waves are only one possibility,” notes the Storm Probes’ mission scientist Dave Sibeck.

Launched in August 2012, the two probes are orbiting inside the radiation belts, sampling electromagnetic fields, counting the number of energetic particles, and listening to plasma waves of many frequencies.

“We hope to gather enough data to solve the mystery once and for all,” says Sibeck.

At the moment, the spacecraft are still undergoing their 60-day checkout phase before the main mission begins. So far, things are checking out very well.

“One of things we noticed right away is how clear the chorus sounds in the recording,” notes Kletzing.  That’s because our data is sampled at 16 bits, the same as a CD, which has not been done before in the radiation belts. This makes the data very high quality and shows that our instrument is very, very healthy.”

Eventually, Kletzing hopes to release unprecedented stereo recordings of Earth’s chorus.

“We have two spacecraft with two receivers,” he says, “so a stereo recording is possible.”

Such a recording would not only sound wonderful, but also have real scientific value.  “One of the things we don’t know is how broad the region is over which chorus occurs. The widely-separated ‘stereo capability’ of the Storm Probes will give us the ability to figure this out,” he explains.

With a two-year mission planned for the Storm Probes, the chorus is just getting started.
Author:  Dr. Tony Phillips | Production editor: Dr. Tony Phillips | Credit: Science@NASA

Oct. 1, 2012.

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